Indicator database

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    Resource productivity (GDP/Domestic Material Consumption)

    Resource productivity is defined as the ratio between gross domestic product (GDP) and domestic material consumption (DMC). The indicator Domestic Material Consumption (DMC) is based on the Economy-wide Material Flow Accounts (EW-MFA).

    The indicator is the lead indicator of the resource efficiency scoreboard

    Energy productivity (GDP/gross inland energy consumption)

    This indicator is a measure of the energy intensity of the economy: gross domestic product (GDP) divided by the gross inland consumption of energy for a given calendar year. The gross inland consumption includes energy consumed from coal, electricity, oil, natural gas and renewable energy sources, consummed domestically.
    (Source:; (link is external) Retrieved: 17/4/2015)

    Modal split of freight transport

    This indicator is defined as the percentage share of each mode of transport in total inland freight transport/ It includes transport by road, rail and inland waterways. .

    Modal split of passenger transport

    This indicator is defined as the percentage share of each mode of transport in total inland transport. Total inland transport includes transport by passenger cars, buses and coaches, and trains.

    Pollutant emissions from transport

    "Pollutant emissions transport" measures the transport emissions of NOx, NMVOCs and particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5). It is structured as a benchmark, having an index pegged at year 2000 (index 2000 = 100).

    Retrieved from,, 24.03.2015

    Recycling rate of municipal waste (%)

    The recycling rate is the tonnage recycled from municipal waste divided by the total municipal waste arising.
    Recycling includes material recycling, composting and anaerobic digestion. Municipal waste consists to a large extent of waste generated by households, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality
    The indicator is a part of the "resource efficiency scoreboard"

    Organisations and sites with EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) registration

    The number of organisations and sites registered as members of the voluntary environmental management system, The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). EMAS is implemented by companies and other organisations from all sectors of economic activity including local authorities, to evaluate, report on and improve their environmental performance.

    Eurostat,, 12.02.15

    Complete Energy Balance Sheets

    An energy balance sheet calculates energy entering, exiting and used within the national territory of a given country during a reference period. The indicator covers the gross inland consumption of all energy related products.

    Retrieved from, 19.02.2015

    Resource Efficiency Scoreboard

    The Resource efficiency scoreboard is a tool / user interface for presenting key indicators relating to natural resources. For this scoreboard, a limited set of already available indicators was selected, covering as many as possible of the themes and subthemes identified in the Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe. It is a three tier system based on a lead indicator, a dashboard of indicators and a set of theme specific indicators:
    - One Lead indicator – focus on resource productivity
    - 9 Dashboard indicators with focus on carbon, water and land;

    Domestic material consumption per capita

    The indicator presents the domestic material consumption (DMC) for each Member State and EU-27 and is expressed in tonnes per capita. The DMC is defined as the total amount of material directly used in an economy and equals direct material input (DMI) minus exports. DMI measures the direct input of materials for the use in the economy. DMI equals domestic extraction (DE) plus imports.

    The indicator is part of resource efficiency scoreboard

    Productivity of artificial land

    Productivity of artificial land is defined as the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country divided by its total artificial land. Artificial land consists of built-up areas (areas covered with buildings and greenhouses) and non built-up areas (streets and sealed surfaces). Artificial land productivity shows whether built-up and non built-up areas are efficiently used to generate added economic value.
    For the calculation of artificial land productivity Eurostat uses the GDP in millions of PPS (Purchasing Power Standard).

    Water productivity

    The indicator measures how much economic output is produced per cubic meter of fresh water abstracted. It indicates the productivity of water use.

    Final energy consumption in households by fuel - total petroleum products

    This indicator presents the share of petroleum products in final residential energy consumption (there are five other product types for which a comparable indicator is produced: solid fuels, gas, electrical energy, derived heat and renewable energies).